Hypophantasia, Phantasia, and Hyperphantasia are Not Superior to Aphantasia

Hypophantasia, Phantasia, and Hyperphantasia are Not Superior to Aphantasia

Leonardo da Vinci La Bella Principessa

(PD) Leonardo da Vinci La Bella Principessa

"Avoid the precepts of those thinkers whose reasoning is not confirmed by experience."

"He who in reasoning cites authority is making use of his memory rather than of his intellect."

"All our knowledge is the offspring of our perceptions."

"Born wise, him topmost, learned wise, him secondary, things that are simple and obvious, and learned, he is third, things that are simple and obvious, yet not learned, this person be lowest." (Kong, Ji Shi 9)

Confucius draft translation of Ji Shi #9 at The World's Smartest Man on Earth, Might Be You. Leonardo da Vinci quotes are from A Brief Commentary on Leonardo da Vinci’s Thoughts on Art and Life. (Vinci translations by Maurice Baring, Boston, Merrymount Press, 1907 )

Larry Neal Gowdy - Copyright ©2023 - December 01, 2023

Current News Reports are Imaginary Inventions

Misinformation about Hypophantasia, Phantasia, Hyperphantasia, and Aphantasia is intense and growing worse.

Observe that all known news reports 'cite authority'.

Observe that many news reports claim that aphantasia is a mental defect.

Observe that the news reports were obviously written by individuals with hypophantasia, phantasia, or hyperphantasia.

Observe that the news reports merely parroted 'eye to mouth' what the reporters had seen and read.

Observe that the news reporters themselves do not know what hypophantasia, phantasia, hyperphantasia, nor aphantasia are; the news reporters are unable to rationalize what the topic is.

Observe that the news reports invented untruths, and claimed that their imaginations are true truth.

Question oneself: if people who imagine imaginary images in their mind are the same individuals who image imaginary conclusions to topics that the individuals themselves know nothing of, then, is that not an inferior intelligence?

Question oneself: in what manner does an imaginary image enable an individual to process logic and reasoning?


All of western philosophy forms its claims upon imaginary images, of which are self-created within the individuals' minds.

An adequate example is of western philosophy's consequentialist ethics: "(1) the philosophical view within Normative Ethics that believes that the consequences of a behavior or action are what judge the choice to be right, wrong, and/or ethical; (2) consequentialism typically interprets ethics as the consequential good or bad of an action."

Observe that western philosophers believe in western science, as well as believe in western science's law of 'cause and effect'.

Observe that western philosophers never give attention to the causes of an action. No known western philosopher has ever behaved in agreement with their belief in science.

Observe that all known western philosophers ignore and deny science's 'cause and effect'.

Question oneself: if no known western philosopher has been capable of reasoning causes of effects, then how could it possible for the western philosophers to be intelligent?

Throughout history, no known western philosopher, nor western sciencian, has been able to reason causes and effects. If the individuals had been capable of reasoning causes and effects, then their philosophies would speak of it. Always within western philosophy have the authors spoken of visible effects, while never speaking of any cause that cannot be visualized.

The ability for western philosophers to see and to the invent imaginary images within their minds, did not result in rational philosophies.

Modern Imaginary Beliefs

A brief glance at search engine results for aphantasia, will show many websites' descriptions that include the claims of "memory disorder", 'mental inability', 'cannot have a normal life without imagined imagery', and on and on, all of which were written from the 'hypophantasia - phantasia - hyperphantasia' point of view. Without the authors first knowing what the alleged 'aphantasia' thing is, the authors imagined that their imaginations were sufficient enough to invent truth. (James Legge's translations of ancient Chinese texts were parallel: he did not know what the words mean, and in their place he imaginatively imagined fairytales while claiming that his imaginary fairytales were true truth.)

All of the authors exhibited forms of schizophrenia. People with schizophrenia are said to exhibit psychotic symptoms of "...may lose a shared sense of reality with others and experience the world in a distorted way. ...Hallucinations: When a person sees, hears, smells, tastes, or feels things that are not actually there. ...Delusions: When a person has strong beliefs that are not true and may seem irrational to others. ...Thought disorder: When a person has ways of thinking that are unusual or illogical. People with thought disorder may have trouble organizing their thoughts and speech. Movement disorder: When a person exhibits abnormal body movements. ...Cognitive symptoms include: Having trouble processing information to make decisions, Having trouble using information immediately after learning it, Having trouble focusing or paying attention...". (National Institute of Mental Health (MIMH) (https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/schizophrenia))

Some 'hyperphantasia' authors are actually-literally beginning to be more vocal about how they believe of themselves to have superior minds because they hear voices in their heads. Wow.

Seeing imaginary images might perhaps have some usefulness, but the act of imagining things that do not exist, nor do the things correspond to the natural laws of Nature, is not useful. All of the known news reporters imaged things that do not exist. All of the known news reporters exhibited symptoms of schizophrenia.

To individuals who think through use of real-world firsthand knowledge gained through firsthand experiences, to them they may wonder if 'hypophantasia - phantasia - hyperphantasia' individuals might all have symptoms of schizophrenia.

Autism and the Inability to Understand Words

Autism is said to have symptoms that include NIMH's quote of "Having difficulties with the back and forth of conversation". The ability for an individual to maintain a conversation about complex topics is very extremely rare. Aside from a few chess players whose skills are near or above master level, the chances of an individual being capable of having a "back and forth of conversation" of the 'phantasia' topic is miniscule. As the Sensory Quotient (SQ) tests illustrated, most individuals have difficulty even maintaining a conversation of logic within themselves.

News reporters might be able to maintain a "back and forth of conversation" about menial social topics, but the individuals' ability to discuss phantasia is pretty much zero because the individuals do not know what — nor how — the mind creates images, which mandates that the people who know nothing of a topic will also be incapable of coherently discussing the topic.

Interestingly, apparently the reported symptoms of autism are changing. In previous years, one of the core symptoms of autism was the inability to understand what words mean. Humorously, the symptom applies to all philosophers, all academicians, and most everyone else. Most people are unable to describe their own thoughts, and if a person cannot describe their own thoughts, then they cannot know what their own words mean. The mental inability is almost universal amongst mankind.

The 'science' of the mind has changed. It was not the 'true truth' that sciencians had claimed. In future days the science will change again. Science always changes because the sciencians never knew what they were talking about, and never will know.

As Mensa High Intelligence and Autism News enters into the topic of autism and intelligence — "the reciting of words without comprehending the words" — the old article Prodigy Myths Autism and History better covers the topic with items like: "The history of the history of William Sidis is replete with deceit, plagiarisms, hearsay, inventions, myths, and negativity by the non-prodigy authors, and there is no substantial reason to not be suspicious of all mainstream articles that speak of William Sidis and prodigies. ...The importance of Jones' article — if Watson did indeed state what was claimed — is that it helps to illustrate the same line of reasoning that has plagued western science: too often the 'scientists' simply make stuff up and then claim that their inventions are true science. ... attempts to negatively paint prodigies as having mental dysfunctions, and worse, the article implants the idea that "heightened attention to detail" is an unfavorable trait. It is obvious that for an individual to create such an unlearned claim the person him/herself must also admit to having a lowered attention to detail, which renders the article and all of its alleged findings incomplete and useless due to the researchers and authors themselves admitting that they possess no capacity to discern details about the article's very topic. ...One symptom of autism is said to be an individual's failure to read facial and body expressions. If politicians are elected by popular vote, if crooks frequently swindle victims, and if fraud televangelists remain on television, then the majority of humans must be autistic. ...Another symptom of autism is said to be a diminutive sensory system. If over 99% of the human population is not cognizant of more than a few surface features of tactile perceptions, nor cognizant beyond a single dimension of olfaction, and the sense of taste is also rudimentary, then over 99% of all humans must be autistic. ...Of the numerous other symptoms of autism is the reciting of words and phrases exactly as taught, but the individual does not comprehend how to apply the words. Western philosophy has debated the topic of ethics for thousands of years without yet comprehending what the word implies, so therefore all philosophers and all academicians are autistic."

Similarly autistic, the news reporters invented imaginary stories about topics that they had no knowledge of, nor did the reporters have a knowledge of what the words mean. According to the science of medicine, the reporters must be medically diagnosed as having autism.


From Studies of Cognitive and Emotional Decay Leading to Dementia: "For use of the studies, the term dementia implies cognitive dysfunction relative to what is biologically possible and biologically appropriate within the human species. The core symptoms of dementia studied include memory loss, false memories, an inability to consciously observe one's own sensory perceptions, an inability to define the meanings of words, an inability to form and to ask relative questions, and an absence of connected thoughts. The cognitive dysfunctions are observable as dysfunctional behavior."

Observe: the news reporters strongly exhibited all of the symptoms of dementia.

Observe: the news reporters spoke from the 'hypophantasia - phantasia - hyperphantasia' point of view.

Question oneself: if 'hypophantasia - phantasia - hyperphantasia' is popularly claimed to be superior to aphantasia, then why did the reporters exhibit the symptoms of schizophrenia, autism, and dementia?

Question oneself: what, specifically, is 'superior' about the 'hypophantasia - phantasia - hyperphantasia' ability to imaginatively imagine non-real imaginary images within one's mind?

Question oneself: what, specifically, is the advantage and disadvantage of not being able to consciously observe one's own sensory perceptions?

Hint: some 'aphantasia' individuals are able to intricately describe objects and places that were seen years previously, and do so better than what a 'hypophantasia - phantasia - hyperphantasia' individual can describe while eyes-open looking at the object or place in the present. The 'aphantasia' person's description is never spoken of in any academic paper, nor will the information be made public. The absence of the information, permanently voids 100% of everything that the all academic and science projects have claimed.


100% of all known academic papers and news reports of the 'hypophantasia - phantasia - hyperphantasia - aphantasia' topic were written by individuals who [1] did not know what the words mean (autism), [2] who are unable to maintain a meaningful conversation about the topic (autism), [3] who invented imaginary stories about things that do not exist (dementia), and [4] believe that their imaginary imagery is real (schizophrenia).

The current fad of hatefully claiming that 'aphantasia' people have a mental defect, is very similar to the hateful fad of claiming that people with high intelligence have autism. The hateful fads originate within the hateful individuals of whom themselves have been declared by their own science to have thinking problems, and to have low intelligence.

Numerous years ago, I created a quick graphic that illustrated a thinking process. One person saw it, and claimed that I was joking.

Observe: no known sciencian nor academician is able to describe a single thought process, which immediately and permanently voids 100% of everything that is claimed of 'hypophantasia - phantasia - hyperphantasia - aphantasia', and all other topics of the mind.

Question oneself: if science is always changing its claims of truth, then upon what possible imagination can today's science claims be assumed true?

As one person has opined, the topic of 'aphantasia' is much like a bunch of little pre-school girls playing dress-up: once they have created their imaginary game, they begin believing that they truly are behaving as adults. Academicians and sciencians have dressed themselves up in scholar robes, and now, within their imaginations, they truly do believe that they are behaving intelligently.

"The gods are what we now call hallucinations. ... with everybody following his own private hallucinations. ...a rigid hierarchy, with lesser men hallucinating the voices of authorities over them, and those authorities hallucinating yet higher ones, and so on to the kings and their peers hallucinating gods."

"...The only extensive study was a poor one done in the last century in England.2 Only hallucinations of normal people when they were in good health were counted. Of 7717 men, 7.8 percent had experienced hallucinations at some time. Among 7599 women, the figure was 12 percent. Hallucinations were most frequent in subjects between twenty and twenty-nine years of age, the same age incidentally at which schizophrenia most commonly occurs. There were twice as many visual hallucinations as auditory. National differences were also found. Russians had twice as many hallucinations as the average. Brazilians had even more because of a very high incidence of auditory hallucinations."

"...At the heart of this seminal work is the revolutionary idea that human consciousness did not begin far back in animal evolution but was a learned process that emerged, through cataclysm and catastrophe, from a hallucinatory mentality only three thousand years ago and that is still developing." (Julian Jaynes, The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind, ©Copyright 1975, 1990)

As aphantasia is commonly described, it has no imaginary visions, and few or no hallucinations.

Related articles: [1] A Critique of Aphantasia, Hypophantasia, Phantasia, Hyperphantasia - The Degrees and Types of Ability to See or to Not See Images in One's Mind, [2] Hypophantasia, Phantasia, and Hyperphantasia are Not Superior to Aphantasia, [3] Hyperphantasia Versus Aphantasia - Which Is Better?, [4] Hyperphantasia to Aphantasia - Self Test, and [5] Sense of Taste and 思 - How it Works and Does Not Work.